Final conference of the project ‘Stabilizing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Road Transport Through Doubling of Global Vehicle Fuel Economy: Regional Implementation of the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)’ was held on 30th October 2017 in the Hotel Hilton in Podgorica, Montenegro. The conference was organized and held by the Regional Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC), REC Country Office Montenegro.
Financial support for implementation of Montenegrin national project activities was provided by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) from the funds of the Global Environment Fund (GEF). In Montenegro, the project was implemented by the Regional Centre for Central and Eastern Europe (REC), Country Office Montenegro (REC Montenegro) which is the strategic partner of the UNEP in the related project field and in cooperation with relevant ministries – Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs and Ministry of Interior.
The conference commenced with the opening speech held by Ms. Srna Sudar, Director of REC Montenegro, with the emphasis on the occasion for official announcement of the end of successful realization of project activities, as well as for presentation of concrete results derived from the general goal of the project - creating an enabling environment that will lead to the development and implementation of a national fuel economy policy in Montenegro (passenger vehicles). Ms Sudar also emphasized the GFEI goal of reducing fuel consumption for new cars from 50% by 2030 and the GFEI goal of reducing fuel consumption for all cars globally from 50% by 2050 compared to the reference level in 2005.
The conference was also honored by attendance and opening and closing remarks of a representative of the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, Mr. Srdjan Mugosa, Director of Directorate for Climate Change. Mr. Mugosa stressed the importance of combating climate change highlighting the current role of the Paris Agreement that Montenegro has recently officially ratified, pledging to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as part of the fight against the negative climate change impact.
The most significant concrete results of the project presented at the conference are:
- Preparation of the final draft document Fuel Economy Policy in Montenegro,
- Creation of a vehicle database and analysis,
- Cost-Benefit Analysis of a proposed measure of introduction of one-time CO2 tax for passenger vehicles,
- Introduction of the labeling program for new passenger vehicles at points of sale (Labeling).
National expert, Ms. Sanja Popovac, presented a short retrospective of almost ten years of work and key results of implementation of projects in the field of cleaner fuels and vehicles implemented by REC Montenegro in a strategic partnership with UNEP, as well as the objectives of the current project together with successfully implemented concrete activities. Ms. Popovac also presented the database of newly registered passenger vehicles (new and used vehicles) in Montenegro for 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014 created within the project in accordance with the GFEI methodology of work. The database contains the data on fuel economy and CO2 emissions of each individual vehicle. Subsequently, the analysis of the database related to the overview of characteristics of the analyzed vehicle fleet of newly registered vehicles was presented and the analysis included, among others, the data on number of vehicles, age structure, fuel economy and CO2 emissions. It is important to point out that two tools were used for the analysis of vehicle data, the FEPIT tool, created by IEA - International Energy Agency, and the Feebate created by ICCT - International Council for Cleaner Transport. A bilingual (Eng-Mne) Brochure on Clean More Efficient Vehicles was presented as well.
The national expert, Ms. Olivera Kujundzic, presented the final draft of the Fuel Economy Policy in Montenegro document. The Policy is the result of a two-year work of the project work group with expert support from renowned international experts from Croatia and Slovenia, as well as national experts. The Policy document contains an overview of the vehicle fleet and key results of the FEPIT and Feebate projections; an overview of fuel economy significance, objectives and instruments; an overview of a policy and legislative framework of the EU in the field of fuel economy; a review of the current situation in Montenegro in relation to the EU framework; as well as recommendations for integration of the fuel economy policy into strategic and legislative framework of Montenegro and the Action Plan. With respect to the fuel economy objectives, the global and European targets were emphasized. Global target - to reduce the average fuel consumption of new passenger cars from a global average of 8 lge/100 km (in 2005) to ~4 lge/100 km (in 2030). Presented in g CO2 /km, achieving a global target of ~4 lge/100 km means reducing the global average to 90 g/km CO2. EU target - the EU has set an obligation that new passenger cars cannot emit more than 130 grams of CO2 per kilometer by 2015, which means that consumption of these efficient cars is around 5.6 l/100 km (petrol) or 4.9 l/100 km (diesel). By 2021, it is necessary to achieve the emission target of 95g CO2 per kilometer. Fuel economy targets in Montenegro have not yet been determined. Both FEPiT and Feebate tools show that, according to the current scenario (if nothing is done), Montenegro will not meet the global fuel economy target. In fact, both baseline trend and trend of analyzes show that Montenegro, according to the current scenario, will remain at about 4.87 lge/100km. Therefore, additional measures are needed and the Policy document recommends the introduction of a one-time CO2 tax for passenger vehicles (new and used) that registered in Montenegro for the first time.
Ms. Kujundzic also presented the introduction of a labeling program for new passenger vehicles at points of sale (Labeling). The Rulebook on content of the label, guides, posters, displays and promotional literature and materials on fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions from new passenger vehicles, issued by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, was published in the "Official Gazette of Montenegro", no. 040/17 from 27 June 2017. The Rulebook is in accordance with Directive 1999/94/EC from 13 December 1999 on the availability of consumer information on fuel economy and CO2 emissions in relation to the sale of new passenger cars and the Directive 2003/73/EC amending Annex III to Directive 1999/94/EC. The text and content of the fuel economy and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions label were presented. Also, a Guide on Fuel Economy and Carbon Dioxide Emissions (CO2) was presented, and it contains the annual list of models of new passenger vehicles available on the market; fuel type and official data on fuel economy and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for each given model and a list of ten models of new passenger cars with the most economical fuel consumption, ranked according to rising carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for each fuel type. A Guide on fuel economy and carbon dioxide emissions is prepared by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism and published on the website. The guide is updated annually.
National expert, Mr. Luka Misovic, presented the Cost-Benefit Analysis of the recommended measure for introduction of a one-time CO2 tax for passenger vehicles that are registered for the first time in Montenegro. The CO2 tax for the first registration represents established practice in countries all over Europe and the world. For the purposes of cost-benefit analysis, examples of two European countries from our region, Croatia and Slovenia, were used in order to define a model applicable to Montenegro. The model is compliant with the standard and payment power in Montenegro. The introduction of CO2 tax is designed according to the principle of sustainability to the standard of living in Montenegro. As CO2 emission was a key and critical component in the development of this analysis, it is important to emphasize: That the individual tax was made according to a sustainable model of the living standard of the citizens of Montenegro (GDP per capita); That the correction coefficient was made on the basis of the CO2 emission index of each individual vehicle and the average fuel consumption and That wiht such a model: i Consumers who spend less and emit less CO2 pay less tax or are even exempt from payment, ii Consumers who consume more and emit more CO2 pay higher tax amount, and iii It is proposed that electric vehicles are exempted from paying CO2 tax; as well as That the model is subject to annual changes based on realized results from the previous year and That the model takes the trend of changes and that for the average fuel consumption the data on four years previously analyzed within the project were used.
Mr. Jozhe Jovanovski, representative of REC Macedonia, presented the comparative results of the GFEI project in Macedonia.
The conference and the project were presented in the media. The announcement of the conference was broadcasted on the Radio of Montenegro and it was afterwards followed by a jingle on the conference held. At the Atlas TV, the reportage on the conference was broadcasted. The Montenegrin auto shop magazine also published an article on the conference.